CQUniversity Unit Profile
ORAL12004 Orthodontics, Prosthodontics and Pharmacology
Orthodontics, Prosthodontics and Pharmacology
All details in this unit profile for ORAL12004 have been officially approved by CQUniversity and represent a learning partnership between the University and you (our student).
The information will not be changed unless absolutely necessary and any change will be clearly indicated by an approved correction included in the profile.
General Information

Overview

In this unit, you will study the current approaches to orthodontics and prosthodontics used by oral health therapists as well as the clinical implications of pharmacology in oral health practice. In the field of pharmacology, you will be able to describe basic pharmacology concepts. This will include the explanation of the clinical use and effects of the major classes of drugs used in dental treatment and drugs taken by children, adolescents and adult patients particularly poly-pharmacy, that may impact adversely on dental treatment and oral health. You will have the opportunity to practice and further develop competency in oral health therapy orthodontics functions and prosthodontics procedures for patients of all ages.

Details

Career Level: Undergraduate
Unit Level: Level 2
Credit Points: 6
Student Contribution Band: 9
Fraction of Full-Time Student Load: 0.125

Pre-requisites or Co-requisites

Prerequiste: ORAL12001 Oral Disease Prevention and Management and MBIO12013 Microbiology for Health Care and Corequisite: ORAL12005 Oral Health Pre Clinical Practice 2 and ORAL12006 Oral Health Clinical Practice 2

Important note: Students enrolled in a subsequent unit who failed their pre-requisite unit, should drop the subsequent unit before the census date or within 10 working days of Fail grade notification. Students who do not drop the unit in this timeframe cannot later drop the unit without academic and financial liability. See details in the Assessment Policy and Procedure (Higher Education Coursework).

Offerings For Term 2 - 2017

Rockhampton

Attendance Requirements

All on-campus students are expected to attend scheduled classes – in some units, these classes are identified as a mandatory (pass/fail) component and attendance is compulsory. International students, on a student visa, must maintain a full time study load and meet both attendance and academic progress requirements in each study period (satisfactory attendance for International students is defined as maintaining at least an 80% attendance record).

Class and Assessment Overview

Recommended Student Time Commitment

Each 6-credit Undergraduate unit at CQUniversity requires an overall time commitment of an average of 12.5 hours of study per week, making a total of 150 hours for the unit.

Class Timetable

Bundaberg, Cairns, Emerald, Gladstone, Mackay, Rockhampton, Townsville
Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney

Assessment Overview

1. In-class Test(s)
Weighting: 40%
2. Portfolio
Weighting: Pass/Fail
3. Portfolio
Weighting: Pass/Fail
4. Examination
Weighting: 60%

Assessment Grading

This is a graded unit: your overall grade will be calculated from the marks or grades for each assessment task, based on the relative weightings shown in the table above. You must obtain an overall mark for the unit of at least 50%, or an overall grade of ‘pass’ in order to pass the unit. If any ‘pass/fail’ tasks are shown in the table above they must also be completed successfully (‘pass’ grade). You must also meet any minimum mark requirements specified for a particular assessment task, as detailed in the ‘assessment task’ section (note that in some instances, the minimum mark for a task may be greater than 50%). Consult the University’s Grades and Results Policy for more details of interim results and final grades.

Previous Student Feedback

Feedback, Recommendations and Responses

Every unit is reviewed for enhancement each year. At the most recent review, the following staff and student feedback items were identified and recommendations were made.

Feedback from Moodle Course evaluation, self reflection, peer reflection

Feedback

Students would prefer each subject Orthodontics, Prosthodontics, Pharmacology to be delivered in blocks.

Recommendation

Lecture content and delivery will be revised in 2017.

Feedback from Moodle Course evaluation, self reflection, peer reflection

Feedback

Prosthodontic practical component should be embedded in ORAL12004.

Recommendation

Practical component will be embedded in ORAL12004 in 2017.

Unit Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:
  1. Judge classes of malocclusion, describe treatment options and explain the reasons necessitating orthodontic treatment.
  2. Demonstrate the ability to take impressions for orthodontic purposes and derive a correct cephalometric tracing.
  3. Demonstrate skill in placing and fixing arch wires; and removing brackets, bands arch wire, modules, ligature wire, elastic and separating elastics using appropriate instruments, equipment and techniques.
  4. Describe the management of patients with fixed and removable oral prosthodontic appliances, including implants.
  5. Demonstrate knowledge and skills in clinical and laboratory procedures for impressions, study models, mouthguard and medicament trays.
  6. Describe basic pharmacological concepts, and explain the clinical use and effects of the major classes of drugs used in dental treatment and drugs taken by children, adolescents and adult patients, particularly poly-pharmacy, that may impact adversely on dental treatment and oral health.
  7. Demonstrate a sound understanding of pharmacokinetics, pharmacotherapy, contraindications and pain control with tutorials on relevant case studies.
  8. Communicate information regarding oral health to a range of patients.
  9. Satisfy the requirements of an evolving dental practitioner utilising appropriate interpersonal / team communication skills, professional attitudes and ethical behaviours.

All unit profiles and learning outcomes in the Bachelor of Oral Health are made available to the Australian Dental Council for on-going accreditation purposes.

Alignment of Learning Outcomes, Assessment and Graduate Attributes
N/A Level
Introductory Level
Intermediate Level
Graduate Level
Professional Level
Advanced Level

Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Learning Outcomes

Assessment Tasks Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 - Examination - 60%
2 - In-class Test(s) - 40%
3 - Portfolio - 0%
4 - Portfolio - 0%

Alignment of Graduate Attributes to Learning Outcomes

Graduate Attributes Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 - Communication
2 - Problem Solving
3 - Critical Thinking
4 - Information Literacy
5 - Team Work
6 - Information Technology Competence
7 - Cross Cultural Competence
8 - Ethical practice
9 - Social Innovation

Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Graduate Attributes

Assessment Tasks Graduate Attributes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 - Examination - 60%
2 - In-class Test(s) - 40%
3 - Portfolio - 0%
4 - Portfolio - 0%
Textbooks and Resources

Textbooks

Prescribed

Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist 7th Edition (2016)

Authors: Elena Bablenis Haveles
Mosby, Elsevier
St. Louis St. Louis , Missouri , USA
ISBN: 978-0-323-17111-3
Binding: Paperback
Supplementary

Contemporary Orthodontics 5th Ed (2013)

Authors: William R. Profitt
Elsevier Mosby
St. Louis St. Louis , Missouri , USA
ISBN:
Binding: Hardcover
Supplementary

Therapeutic Guidelines: Oral and Dental Version 2 (2012)

Authors: Oral and Dental Expert Group
Therapeutic Guidelines Limited
Melbourne Melbourne , Victoria , Australia
ISBN:
Binding: Paperback

Additional Textbook Information

  1. Topics from Contemporary Orthodontics will be provided as a course resource online.
  2. Student can order the supplementary textbook Therapeutic Guidelines: Oral and Dental, Version 2 online. Please see link Therapeutic Guidelines website

IT Resources

You will need access to the following IT resources:
  • CQUniversity Student Email
  • Internet
  • Unit Website (Moodle)
Referencing Style

All submissions for this unit must use the referencing styles below:

For further information, see the Assessment Tasks.

Teaching Contacts
Karen Smart Unit Coordinator
k.smart@cqu.edu.au
Schedule
Week 1 Begin Date: 10 Jul 2017

Module/Topic

General principles of pharmacology

  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Routes of administration
  • Drug information sources

Pharmacology Local Anaesthesia

  • Neurophysiology
  • Pharmacology of local anaesthetics
  • Pharmacology of vasoconstrictors
  • Clinical action of specific agents
  • Systemic complications

Chapter

Haveles, E.B. (2016) Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist, 7th Ed. Chapter 1-3,9, Mosby Elsevier.

Malamed, SF. Hand Book Of Local Anaesthesia 6th Ed., Chapter 3-4, Section 1, Mosby Elsevier.

Events and Submissions/Topic

Prosthodontics Laboratory timetable - see Moodle (this is organised in co-junction with ORAL12006 clinical sessions).
Week 2 Begin Date: 17 Jul 2017

Module/Topic

History of Orthodontics: Important influences around the globe

Craniofacial and dental arch development

Orthodontics in general practice

  • Role of the Oral Health Therapist in general practice
  • Treatment modalities from interception to surgery
  • Referral timing and age for treatment

Chapter

Proffit WR, Fields HW, Sarver DM, Ackerman JL (2013) Contemporary Orthodontics, 5th Ed, Pp2-10, St Louis, Elsevier.


Gill DS, Naini FB Ed (2011) Orthodontics Principles and Practice, Dental Update, Chapter 1-2, West Sussex Wiley-Blackwell.


Proffit WR, Fields HW, Sarver DM, Ackerman JL: Contemporary Orthodontics, 5th Edition, St Louis, 2013, Elsevier, Pp 20-50

Gill DS, Naini FB Ed. (2011) Orthodontics Principles and Practice, Dental Update, Chapter 20, West Sussex, Wiley-Blackwell.


Tulloch JFC, Proffit WR, Phillips C: Outcomes in a 2-phase randomised clinical trial of early Class II treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2004; 125:657–667.

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 3 Begin Date: 24 Jul 2017

Module/Topic

Drugs used in Dentistry
  • Autonomic drugs
  • Non-opioid & opioid drugs
  • Anti-microbials

Chapter

Haveles, E.B. (2016) Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist, 7th Ed. Chapter 4-8, Mosby Elsevier.

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 4 Begin Date: 31 Jul 2017

Module/Topic

Description of occlusion types

  • Angle’s classification
  • Andrew’s Keys to Ideal occlusion
  • Aetiology and prevalence of malocclusions
  • Motivations for treatment – patient, peer and practitioner

Clinical records for orthodontic assessment

  • Intra and extra-oral assessment
  • Cephalometric analysis and tracing errors
  • Tomography
  • Tooth/ arch analysis
  • Photography

Chapter

Gill DS, Naini FB Ed (2011) Orthodontics Principles and Practice, Dental Update, West Sussex, Wiley-Blackwell, Chapter 3,8-11

Baumrind S,Frantz RC. The reliability of head film measurements. 1. Landmark identification. Am J Orthod 1971;60: 111-27.

Wells LA. (1989) Straight-wire, The Concept and Appliance.

Proffit WR, Fields HW, Sarver DM, Ackerman JL:COntemporary Orthodontics, 5th edition, St Louis, 2013, Elsevier, Pp114-146

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 5 Begin Date: 07 Aug 2017

Module/Topic

Drugs with the potential to alter dental treatment

Chapter

Haveles, E.B. (2016) Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist, 7th Ed. Part 3, Mosby Elsevier.

Events and Submissions/Topic

Vacation Week Begin Date: 14 Aug 2017

Module/Topic

vacation week

Chapter

vacation week

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 6 Begin Date: 21 Aug 2017

Module/Topic

Treatment options

  • Appliance types/ components and their indications
  • Adhesives and impression types
  • Tooth movement model

Root resorption and possible influences

Care in orthodontic treatment

  • Tooth brushing technique
  • Flossing with braces and retainers
  • Managing demineralisation

Chapter

Gill DS, Naini FB Ed (2011) Orthodontics Principles and Practice, Dental Update, West Sussex, Wiley- Blackwell, Chapter 3

Brezniak N, Wasserstein A. Root resorption after orthodontic treatment: part 2. literature review. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop. 1993;103: 138-46.

Knosel M, Bojes M, Jung K, Ziebolz D. Increase susceptibility for white spot lesions by surplus orthodontic etching exceeding bracket base area. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2012; 141: 574-82

Heintze SD, Jost-Brinkmann PG, Loundos J. Effectiveness of three different types of electric toothbrushes compared with a manual technique in orthodontic patients. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop.1996; 110:630-8.

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 7 Begin Date: 28 Aug 2017

Module/Topic

Retention - Life long controversy

  • Retainer types
  • Third molars and their influence on tooth movement

Dentofacial anomalies

  • Frequently observed anomalies and their management
  • Role of the orthodontist in the management team

Sleep apnoea – the growing treatment demands

Chapter

Gill DS, Naini FB Ed (2011) Orthodontics Principles and Practice, Dental Update, West Sussex, Wiley- Blackwell, Chapter 25, 26, 27 & 3.

Little RM. Stability and relapse of mandibular anterior alignment: University of Washington studies. Semin Orthod. 1999; 5:191–204.

Song F, Landes DP ,, Glenny AM, Sheldon TA. The prophylactic removal of impacted third molars: an assessment of published reviews, British Dental Jornal 1997;182:339-346.

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 8 Begin Date: 04 Sep 2017

Module/Topic

Drugs with the potential to alter dental treatment. (Tuesday 5th September)

Orthodontic lectures (during residential)

  • 7th Sept 2017 - Instruments - their use and care
  • 8th Sept 2017 - Orthognathic surgery and its role in orthodontics

Chapter

Haveles, E.B. (2016) Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist, 7th Ed. Part 3, Mosby Elsevier.

Gill DS, Naini FB Ed: Orthodontics Principles and Practice, Dental Update, West Sussex, 2011, Wiley-Blackwell, Chapter 25.

Events and Submissions/Topic

Two days Intensive Orthodontic practical training scheduled in Oral Health Simulatory Laboratory and Oral Health clinic 7-8th September.

Week 9 Begin Date: 11 Sep 2017

Module/Topic

Management of selected oral conditions

Clinical implications for Endocrine system drugs and metabolic agents

  • Oral glucocorticoids
  • Thyroid hormones
  • Bisphosphonates
  • Antidiabetic agents

Chapter

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 10 Begin Date: 18 Sep 2017

Module/Topic

Topical agents

  • Anti-caries
  • Anti-gingivitis
  • Desensitizing agents
  • Topical haemostatic agents

Chapter

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 11 Begin Date: 25 Sep 2017

Module/Topic

Prosthodontics appliances

  • Types
  • Maintenance

Chapter

Events and Submissions/Topic

Week 12 Begin Date: 02 Oct 2017

Module/Topic

Drugs for medical emergencies

Chapter

Events and Submissions/Topic

Orthodontic Workbook Due: Week 12 Monday (2 Oct 2017) 5:00 pm AEST
Prosthodontics workbook Due: Week 12 Friday (6 Oct 2017) 4:00 pm AEST
Review/Exam Week Begin Date: 09 Oct 2017

Module/Topic

Chapter

Events and Submissions/Topic

Exam Week Begin Date: 16 Oct 2017

Module/Topic

Chapter

Events and Submissions/Topic

Term Specific Information

All communications regarding ORAl12004 must be made by email or by phone to the Unit Co-ordinator Ms. Karen Smart.

Prosthodontics Laboratory timetable - see Moodle (this is organised in co-junction with ORAL12006 clinical sessions).

Clinic, Prosthetic and Simulation Laboratory attire - All students must wear CQUniversity Oral Health polo shirt, black pants, low-heeled closed-in shoes, protective eyewear, outer protective garment (dental coats/scrubs), have their hair tied back securely and wear no jewellery.

Assessment Tasks

1 In-class Test(s)

Assessment Title
OSCE

Task Description

The in class test will be an Objective Structures Clinical Examination (OSCE) on orthodontics, prosthodontics and pharmacology, students will move from station to station at timed intervals. The 15 -25 stations will include but not be limited to, items such as orthodontic models, radiographs, prescribed and non-prescribed pharmaceuticals, prosthodontics appliances, orthodontic instruments and local anaesthetic agents. All questions are relevant to the clinical application of orthodontics, prosthodontics and pharmacology.

Late submissions: Marks will be deducted at a penalty of 5% or equivalent of the total available marks for the assessment for each calendar day(full or part) if it is overdue.


Assessment Due Date

Date to be advised when exam timetable is published.


Return Date to Students

OSCE results released with final unit grade.


Weighting
40%

Minimum mark or grade
50%

Assessment Criteria

Critical thinking and application of learnt basic clinical concepts into real life situations.

This is a graded unit: your overall grade will be calculated form the marks or grades for each assessment task, based on the relative weightings shown in the table above. You must obtain an overall mark for the OSCE of at least 50%.


Referencing Style

Submission
Offline

Learning Outcomes Assessed
  • Judge classes of malocclusion, describe treatment options and explain the reasons necessitating orthodontic treatment.
  • Describe the management of patients with fixed and removable oral prosthodontic appliances, including implants.
  • Describe basic pharmacological concepts, and explain the clinical use and effects of the major classes of drugs used in dental treatment and drugs taken by children, adolescents and adult patients, particularly poly-pharmacy, that may impact adversely on dental treatment and oral health.
  • Demonstrate a sound understanding of pharmacokinetics, pharmacotherapy, contraindications and pain control with tutorials on relevant case studies.


Graduate Attributes
  • Communication
  • Problem Solving
  • Critical Thinking
  • Ethical practice

2 Portfolio

Assessment Title
Orthodontic Workbook

Task Description

Workbook includes practical competency tasks in orthodontics in the simulation laboratories and oral health clinic.

Students with previous training and qualifications can apply to the unit coordinator for an exemption.

Late submissions: Marks will be deducted at a penalty of 5% or equivalent of the total available marks for the assessment for each calendar day(full or part) if it is overdue.


Assessment Due Date

Week 12 Monday (2 Oct 2017) 5:00 pm AEST

The due dates for the workbooks will be clearly stated in the Workbook.


Return Date to Students

Review/Exam Week Friday (13 Oct 2017)


Weighting
Pass/Fail

Minimum mark or grade
50% - You must obtain at least 50% in this assessment task in order to pass the unit overall.

Assessment Criteria

The assessment rubrics for the practical competency tasks will be clearly stated in the Workbook.


Referencing Style

Submission
Offline

Learning Outcomes Assessed
  • Demonstrate the ability to take impressions for orthodontic purposes and derive a correct cephalometric tracing.
  • Demonstrate skill in placing and fixing arch wires; and removing brackets, bands arch wire, modules, ligature wire, elastic and separating elastics using appropriate instruments, equipment and techniques.
  • Communicate information regarding oral health to a range of patients.
  • Satisfy the requirements of an evolving dental practitioner utilising appropriate interpersonal / team communication skills, professional attitudes and ethical behaviours.


Graduate Attributes
  • Communication
  • Problem Solving
  • Critical Thinking
  • Information Literacy
  • Team Work
  • Cross Cultural Competence
  • Ethical practice

3 Portfolio

Assessment Title
Prosthodontics workbook

Task Description

Portfolio includes practical competency tasks in prosthodontics in the laboratory.

Students with previous training and qualifications can apply to the unit coordinator for an exemption.

Late submissions: Marks will be deducted at a penalty of 5% or equivalent of the total available marks for the assessment for each calendar day(full or part) if it is overdue.


Assessment Due Date

Week 12 Friday (6 Oct 2017) 4:00 pm AEST


Return Date to Students

Workbook results released with final unit grade.


Weighting
Pass/Fail

Minimum mark or grade
50% - You must obtain at least 50% in this assessment task in order to pass the unit overall.

Assessment Criteria

The assessment rubrics for the practical competency tasks will be clearly stated in the workbook.


Referencing Style

Submission
Offline

Learning Outcomes Assessed
  • Demonstrate knowledge and skills in clinical and laboratory procedures for impressions, study models, mouthguard and medicament trays.
  • Satisfy the requirements of an evolving dental practitioner utilising appropriate interpersonal / team communication skills, professional attitudes and ethical behaviours.


Graduate Attributes
  • Communication
  • Problem Solving
  • Critical Thinking
  • Information Literacy
  • Team Work
  • Cross Cultural Competence
  • Ethical practice

Examination

Outline
Complete an invigilated examination

Date
During the examination period, at a CQUniversity examination centre

Weighting
60%

Length
180 minutes

Minimum mark or grade
50%

Details
No calculators permitted
Dictionary - non-electronic, concise, direct translation only (dictionary must not contain any notes or comments).
Closed Book
Academic Integrity Statement

As a CQUniversity student you are expected to act honestly in all aspects of your academic work.

Any assessable work undertaken or submitted for review or assessment must be your own work. Assessable work is any type of work you do to meet the assessment requirements in the unit, including draft work submitted for review and feedback and final work to be assessed.

When you use the ideas, words or data of others in your assessment, you must thoroughly and clearly acknowledge the source of this information by using the correct referencing style for your unit. Using others’ work without proper acknowledgement may be considered a form of intellectual dishonesty.

Participating honestly, respectfully, responsibly, and fairly in your university study ensures the CQUniversity qualification you earn will be valued as a true indication of your individual academic achievement and will continue to receive the respect and recognition it deserves.

As a student, you are responsible for reading and following CQUniversity’s policies, including the Student Academic Integrity Policy and Procedure. This policy sets out CQUniversity’s expectations of you to act with integrity, examples of academic integrity breaches to avoid, the processes used to address alleged breaches of academic integrity, and potential penalties.

What is a breach of academic integrity?

A breach of academic integrity includes but is not limited to plagiarism, self-plagiarism, collusion, cheating, contract cheating, and academic misconduct. The Student Academic Integrity Policy and Procedure defines what these terms mean and gives examples.

Why is academic integrity important?

A breach of academic integrity may result in one or more penalties, including suspension or even expulsion from the University. It can also have negative implications for student visas and future enrolment at CQUniversity or elsewhere. Students who engage in contract cheating also risk being blackmailed by contract cheating services.

Where can I get assistance?

For academic advice and guidance, the Academic Learning Centre (ALC) can support you in becoming confident in completing assessments with integrity and of high standard.

What can you do to act with integrity?