MEDS11002 - Relational Anatomy and Image Recognition

General Information

Unit Synopsis

This unit examines the gross, topographical and relational anatomy of the human body and develops the pattern recognition skills to identify normal anatomical structures on medical images. Each macroscopic anatomical structure, or its constituent part, is studied in terms of spatial characteristics, relative to adjacent structures, body planes, external and internal landmarks relevant to sonographic practice. This knowledge is engaged to enhance the development of pattern recognition skills in relation to the cross-sectional, oblique, coronal and sagittal display of these anatomical structures on normal medical images, with a particular focus on the interpretation of sonographic images.

Details

Level Undergraduate
Unit Level 1
Credit Points 12
Student Contribution Band SCA Band 2
Fraction of Full-Time Student Load 0.25
Pre-requisites or Co-requisites

Prerequisite:

BMSC11001 Human Body Systems 1

OR

BMSC11010 Human Anatomy and Physiology 1

AND

Corequisite

BMSC11002 Human Body Systems 2

OR

BMSC11011 Human Anatomy and Physiology 2

Important note: Students enrolled in a subsequent unit who failed their pre-requisite unit, should drop the subsequent unit before the census date or within 10 working days of Fail grade notification. Students who do not drop the unit in this timeframe cannot later drop the unit without academic and financial liability. See details in the Assessment Policy and Procedure (Higher Education Coursework).

Class Timetable View Unit Timetable
Residential School Compulsory Residential School
View Unit Residential School

Unit Availabilities from Term 2 - 2022

Term 2 - 2022 Profile
Mixed Mode

Attendance Requirements

All on-campus students are expected to attend scheduled classes – in some units, these classes are identified as a mandatory (pass/fail) component and attendance is compulsory. International students, on a student visa, must maintain a full time study load and meet both attendance and academic progress requirements in each study period (satisfactory attendance for International students is defined as maintaining at least an 80% attendance record).

Assessment Overview

Recommended Student Time Commitment

Each 12-credit Undergraduate unit at CQUniversity requires an overall time commitment of an average of 25 hours of study per week, making a total of 300 hours for the unit.

Assessment Tasks

Assessment Task Weighting
1. Online Quiz(zes) 20%
2. Online Test 20%
3. Online Test 60%

This is a graded unit: your overall grade will be calculated from the marks or grades for each assessment task, based on the relative weightings shown in the table above. You must obtain an overall mark for the unit of at least 50%, or an overall grade of ‘pass’ in order to pass the unit. If any ‘pass/fail’ tasks are shown in the table above they must also be completed successfully (‘pass’ grade). You must also meet any minimum mark requirements specified for a particular assessment task, as detailed in the ‘assessment task’ section (note that in some instances, the minimum mark for a task may be greater than 50%).

Consult the University’s Grades and Results Policy for more details of interim results and final grades

Past Exams

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Previous Feedback

Term 2 - 2021 : The overall satisfaction for students in the last offering of this course was 4.8 (on a 5 point Likert scale), based on a 34.39% response rate.

Feedback, Recommendations and Responses

Every unit is reviewed for enhancement each year. At the most recent review, the following staff and student feedback items were identified and recommendations were made.

Source: Student "Have your say" through Moodle
Feedback
Students liked having access to the unit coordinator regularly during each week week of the term. They appreciated additional support that was offered in terms of the delivery of live tutorials on a Tuesday (2 hours) and the addition of new virtual study groups on a Thursday (2 hours).
Recommendation
It is recommended to continue to provide both a tutorial and virtual study group each week of the term. This will allow the content of this 12 credit point unit to be covered adequately, allow students to ask for clarification and gain a deeper understanding of anatomical relationships. Additionally it assists students to learn how to identify structures from medical images, using a systematic approache (a more difficult concept for students to grasp).
Action Taken
Tutorials were provided on a Tuesday (2-3 hours) and virtual study groups (2-3 hours) were provided on a Thursday each week of the term.
Source: Student "Have your say" through Moodle
Feedback
The virtual study groups were originally not going to be recorded. They were intended to be made available for students to come along and ask for clarification of content as some students do not like to ask questions when the sessions are recorded. Several students however requested that these study groups be recorded and uploaded to Moodle as they could not attend due to work commitments. These study sessions were recorded based on this request. Students appreciated being able to watch the recordings of these and reported that they really helped them learn throughout this unit.
Recommendation
It is recommended that both the tutorials and virtual study groups are recorded and the recordings uploaded to Moodle for all students to watch. It is also recommended that a component of the study group is not recorded (possibly the end part), to allow students that are too shy to ask questions when the session is recorded, to ask questions in a non-recorded manner.
Action Taken
Tutorials and virtual study groups were recorded and the recordings made available on the MEDS11002 unit Moodle site the same day. At the end of each session, an unrecorded discussion was provided for students that were shy.
Source: Student "Have your say" through Moodle. Student feedback during tutorials, study groups and residential school. Student emails.
Feedback
The unit coordinator had access to trial the use of an online anatomy learning resource called "Complete Anatomy" by Elsevier (provided by the publisher). This was utilised during this unit in term 2, 2020, to gauge student satisfaction with this resource. Students reported that this resource was very helpful to assist their learning, particularly in terms of the anatomical relationships of structures.
Recommendation
It is recommended that the university investigates purchasing a licence of the learning resource "Complete Anatomy" by Elsevier, to enhance student online learning and the understanding of anatomy and anatomical relationships.
Action Taken
CQUniversity purchased a licence for "Complete Anatomy" by Elsevier, and this learning resource was used in MEDS11002 during term 2, 2021. Students greatly appreciated having access to this learning resource.
Source: Student "Have your say" through Moodle. Student feedback during tutorials, study groups, and residential school. Student emails.
Feedback
Students reported that viewing full series of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images from real clinical cases, during virtual study groups, helped them to put their learning into context. It also aided them to gain an appreciation of where structures sit relative to one another. Furthermore, the viewing of real time sonographic imaging during the virtual residential school allowed students to appreciate why image recognition is an important component of this unit.
Recommendation
It is recommended to continue to incorporate the viewing of full series of CT and MRI scans for each area of the body, where appropriate into tutorials, to demonstrate anatomical relationships of structures. This also allows students to follow a single structure through a series of images (rather than just learning how to identify a structure on a single image). Additionally, real time sonographic clips are recommended to be presented (in addition to static sonographic images) to demonstrate the sonographic dynamic assessment of anatomy.
Action Taken
Full series of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images for different body areas were provided and discussed. Students had access to de-identified images provided in student notes, to use as a learning resource, to allow them to follow a structure through a series of medical images and appreciate structural relationships.
Source: SUTE data from the "Have your say" area on unit Moodle site.
Feedback
"Complete Anatomy" by Elsevier was an effective and engaging learning resource which helps students to explore anatomical relationships from different angles and aid learning anatomy.
Recommendation
Continue to provide "Complete Anatomy" by Elsevier as a learning resource and demonstrate its use in tutorials and virtual study groups.
Action Taken
Nil.
Source: SUTE data from the "Have your say" area on unit Moodle site.
Feedback
The combined use of the tutorial and virtual study group throughout each week of term helped to consolidate learning. They also provided access to the lecturer and other students throughout the week.
Recommendation
Continue to use both a tutorial and virtual study group throughout each week of term to explain concepts beyond content discussed in recorded lectures, to allow students to further explore anatomical relationships and identify structures on medical images.
Action Taken
Nil.
Source: SUTE data from the "Have your say" area on unit Moodle site.
Feedback
SImplified hand-drawn drawings and diagrams which were used deconstructed complex anatomy into a simple and easy to understand format.
Recommendation
Continue to use simplified hand-drawn drawings and diagrams to deconstruct and unpack complex anatomy and highlight important anatomical relationships to enhance student understanding.
Action Taken
Nil.
Source: SUTE data from the "Have your say" area on unit Moodle site.
Feedback
The lectures are required to explain content, but the tutorials and virtual study groups explain the important concepts. Emphasise this point to students.
Recommendation
Further explain the strategy to learn in this unit involves watching recorded lectures and actively interacting in tutorials and study groups. Clearly articulate the purpose of the recorded lectures which is to describe the structural anatomy of particular body regions. Highlight that the tutorials and study groups will focus on sonographically clinically relevant anatomy, explain important anatomical relationships, and how and why structures are identified on medical images.
Action Taken
Nil.
Unit learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:

  1. Describe the features and location of sonographically significant macroscopic anatomical structures
  2. Describe the spatial orientation of each anatomical structure relative to adjacent structures, body planes and landmarks
  3. Identify cross-sectional, coronal and sagittal representation of organs and structures
  4. Apply the skill of pattern recognition to the interpretation of medical images, particularly sonographic
  5. Identify anatomical features on medical images, particularly sonographic views.

The sonography course is accredited by the Australian Sonographers Association and knowledge required by entry-level sonographers is introduced in this unit and is a key requirement of accreditation.

Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Learning Outcomes
Assessment Tasks Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5
1 - Online Quiz(zes)
2 - Online Test
3 - Online Test
Alignment of Graduate Attributes to Learning Outcomes
Introductory Level
Intermediate Level
Graduate Level
Graduate Attributes Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5
1 - Communication
2 - Problem Solving
3 - Critical Thinking
4 - Information Literacy
Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Graduate Attributes
Introductory Level
Intermediate Level
Graduate Level
Assessment Tasks Graduate Attributes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10